Journal of Military History
Vol. 73, No. 1
January 2009

Articles

Michael S. Adelberg, "The Scope and Severity of Civil Warfare in Revolutionary Monmouth County, New Jersey," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 9-47
The American Revolution was as much a civil war between Americans as a war between the Continental and British armies, yet our understanding of the civil warfare's extent is limited. This article compiles comprehensive information on the Revolution in Monmouth County, New Jersey, and measures the scope (how many participated on each side) and severity (how many lives were adversely affected) of civil warfare in this county. It demonstrates that those opposing the Revolution were nearly as numerous as its supporters (approximately 1,600 versus 1,900) and that over 20 percent of the adult males in the county suffered tangibly during the war.
Jeremy Black, "A Revolution in Military Cartography?: Europe 1650-1815," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 49-68
Military cartography is studied in order to approach the role of information in war. This serves as an opportunity to reconsider the Military Revolution and in particular changes in the eighteenth century. Mapping is approached not only in tactical, operational and strategic terms, but also with reference to the mapping of war for public interest. Shifts in the latter reflect changes in the geography of European conflict.
Frederick C. Leiner, "The Squadron Commander's Share: Decatur v. Chew and the Prize Money for the Chesapeake's First War of 1812 Cruise," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 69-82
In the age of sail, every maritime power offered prize money as an incentive for the officers and crews of their naval vessels and their privateers to capture, and to bring home, enemy ships with their cargoes. During the War of 1812, the U.S. frigate Chesapeake captured a valuable English merchant vessel in January 1813, and the resulting litigation, a prize case called Decatur v. Chew, laid bare the tensions between ranking officers over their contrasting views of their appropriate shares.
John Morgan, "War Feeding War? The Impact of Logistics on the Napoleonic Occupation of Catalonia," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 83-116
This essay stresses the crucial importance of logistics during the French occupation of Catalonia during the Peninsular War. The supplies found in the occupied territory were insufficient for French needs, leading to the failure of Napoleon's "war feeds war" policy in that region. It became necessary to find alternative sources and modes of supply in the midst of a permanent guerrilla war and the British blockade of Catalan ports. Logistical operations largely dominated the French campaigns, while the requirement to supply a besieged Barcelona made it nearly impossible to conquer the province and led to the collapse of French plans to incorporate Catalonia into the French Empire.
Christian B. Keller, "Flying Dutchmen and Drunken Irishmen: The Myths and Realities of Ethnic Civil War Soldiers," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 117-145
During the American Civil War, German- and Irish-Americans fought for both the Union and the Confederacy, serving their respective causes for a variety of reasons and comprising a large percentage of the Union armies, in particular. Anglo-Americans developed myths and misconceptions about these foreign-born soldiers, however, some of which persist today and unfortunately obscure the historical truth about ethnic participation in the war. This essay examines some of the most enduring stereotypes and exposes the realities that lay shrouded behind them.
Brian Holden Reid, "'Young Turks, or Not So Young?': The Frustrated Quest of Major General J. F. C. Fuller and Captain B. H. Liddell Hart, The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 147-175
This article has as its prime focus not the theories of J. F. C. Fuller and B. H. Liddell Hart, but their zeal to reform the British Army, 1918-39. It explores the strengths and weaknesses they brought to the task, and seeks to relate their aims to broader intellectual currents, especially the notion of a "conflict of generations" that the experience on the Western Front of the First World War heightened. The latter reached a peak of popularity in 1928-33. The article thus seeks to assess Fuller and Liddell Hart's motives and aspirations in the light of a shared passionate desire not to sacrifice their intellectual freedom as critics.
Richard H. Kohn, "The Danger of Militarization in an Endless 'War' on Terrorism," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 177-208
Since the early 1930s, the United States has become significantly militarized in government, economy, society, and culture. While never quite slipping over the edge into militarism either in behaviors, policies, or norms and values, the American people's identification with and use of war images and thinking, and a belief in the primacy of standing military forces for American safety, have become normalized. The danger of an endless "war" on terrorism is that the militarization common to America society in wartime will become permanent, infecting the country with militarism, and transforming the United States incrementally, over time, into a nation its founders would recognize, but abhor.
 
Review Essays
Charles Esdaile, "Recent Writing on Napoleon and his Wars," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 209-220

Thomas S. Wilkins, "Anatomy of a Military Disaster: The Fall of 'Fortress Singapore' 1942," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 221-230

Klaus Schmider, "The Last of the First: Veterans of the Jagdwaffe Tell their Story," The Journal of Military History 73 #1 (January 2009): 231-249

Reviews:
The Poetry of War, by James Anderson Winn, reviewed by David Rachels, 251-252

War and Film, by James Chapman, reviewed by J. E. Smyth, 252-253

The Terra Cotta Army: China's First Emperor and the Birth of a Nation, by John Man, reviewed by David A. Graff, 253-254

The Great Arab Conquests: How the Spread of Islam Changed the World We Live In, by Hugh Kennedy, reviewed by Paul Sidelko, 254-256

Genghis Khan: History's Greatest Empire Builder, by Paul Lococo, Jr., reviewed by Paul D. Buell, 256-257

Richard and John: Kings at War, by Frank McLynn, reviewed by Malcolm Barber, 257-258

The Occitan War: a Military and Political History of the Albigensian Crusade, 1209-1218, by Laurence W. Marvin, reviewed by Rebecca Rist, 258-259

Mercenaries and Paid Men: The Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages, edited by John France, reviewed by Mark Charles Fissell, 260-261

Cavalieri e popoli in armi: le instituzioni nell'Italia medievale, by Paolo Grilli, reviewed by William Caferro, 261-263

Empires of the Sea: The Siege of Malta, the Battle of Lepanto, and the Contest for the Center of the World, by Roger Crowley, reviewed by John F. Guilmartin, Jr., 263-264

Fighting at Sea in the Eighteenth Century: The Art of Sailing Warfare, by Sam Willis, reviewed by Andrew Lambert, 264-265

The Seven Years War: A Transatlantic History, by Matt Schumann and Karl Schweizer, reviewed by James Pritchard , 265-267

By Force of Arms, Vol. II of the Austrian Army in the Seven Years War, by Christopher Duffy, reviewed by Lee W. Eysturlid, 267-268

Naval Coalition Warfare: From the Napoleonic War to Operation Iraqi Freedom, edited by Bruce A. Elleman and S.C.M. Paine, reviewed by Alastair Cooper, 268-269

At the Far Reaches of Empire: The Life of Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra, by Freeman M. Tovell, reviewed by Christopher Storrs, 269-271

Recollections of the War with Mexico, by Major John Corey Henshaw, edited by Gary F. Kurutz, reviewed by Irving Levinson, 271-272

Desperate Stand: The Battle of Buena Vista, by Stephen A. Carney, reviewed by Timothy D. Johnson, 272-273

Battle: The Nature and Consequences of Civil War Combat, edited by Kent Gramm, reviewed by Earl J. Hess, 274

American Soldiers' Lives: The Civil War, by Paul A. Cimbala, reviewed by Thomas W. Cutrer, 274-275

Three Days in the Shenandoah: Stonewall Jackson at Front Royal and Winchester, by Gary Ecelbarger, reviewed by Gary W. Gallagher, 276-277

Freedom For Themselves: North Carolina's Black Soldiers in the Civil War Era, by Richard M. Reid, reviewed by Leonne M. Hudson, 277-278

Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior to Southern Redeemer, by Rod Andrew, Jr., reviewed by Kenneth W. Noe, 278-279

Meade's Army: The Private Notebooks of Lt. Col. Theodore Lyman, edited by David W. Lowe, reviewed by David J. Fitzpatrick, 280-281

Francis M. Wafer: A Surgeon in the Army of the Potomac, edited by Cheryl A. Wells, reviewed by Andrew McIlwaine Bell, 281-283

The Assassin's Accomplice: Mary Surratt and the Plot to Kill Abraham Lincoln, by Kate Clifford Larson, reviewed by Elizabeth D. Leonard, 283-284

The Civil War Veteran: A Historical Reader, edited by Larry M. Logue and Michael Barton, reviewed by Joseph C. Fitzharris, 284-285

Causes Won, Lost, and Forgotten: How Hollywood and Popular Art Shape What We Know about the Civil War, by Gary W. Gallagher, reviewed by A. Cash Koeniger, 285-286

Give Me Eighty Men: Women and the Myth of the Fetterman Fight, by Shannon D. Smith, reviewed by Sherry L. Smith, 287-288

Policing the Great Plains: Rangers, Mounties, and the North American Frontier, 1875-1910, by Andrew R. Graybill, reviewed by Michael L. Tate, 288-289

From Torpedoes to Aviation: Washington Irving Chambers and Technological Innovation in the New Navy, 1876-1913, by Stephen K. Stein, reviewed by Timothy S. Wolters, 290-291

Railways and the Russo-Japanese War: Transporting War, by Felix Patrikeeff and Harold Shukman, reviewed by Keith Neilson, 291-292

The Late Victorian Navy: the Pre-Dreadnought Era and the Origins of the First World War, by Roger Parkinson, reviewed by James Levy, 293-294

The First World War as a Clash of Cultures, edited by Fred Bridgham, reviewed by John Ferris, 294-295

No Insignificant Part: The Rhodesia Native Regiment and the East Africa Campaign of the First World War, by Timothy J. Stapleton, reviewed by Jan-Bart Gewald, 296-297

Gallipoli: Attack from the Sea, by Victor Ruddeno, reviewed by Nicholas A. Lambert, 297-298

Dark Journey: Three Key New Zealand Battles of the Western Front, by Glyn Harper, reviewed by Damien Fenton, 298-299

1917: Tactics, Training and Technology, edited by Peter Dennis and Jeffrey Grey, reviewed by Peter Simkins, 300-301

The Second Battle of the Marne, by Michael S. Neiberg, reviewed by Douglas V. Johnson II, 301-302

Maxime Weygand: A Biography of the French General in Two World Wars, by Barnett Singer, reviewed by Robert J. Young, 303-304

Colombia and the United States: the Making of an Inter-American Alliance, 1939-1960, by Bradley Lynn Coleman, reviewed by Michael J. LaRosa, 304-306

The Rise of the Wehrmacht: The German Armed Forces and World War II, Vols. 1 and 2, by Samuel W. Mitcham, Jr., reviewed by James S. Corum, 306-307

Death of the Wehrmacht: The German Campaigns of 1942, by Robert M. Citino, reviewed by Richard L. DiNardo, 308-309

Rommel's Desert Commanders: the Men Who Served the Desert Fox, North Africa, 1941-1942, by Samuel W. Mitcham, Jr., reviewed by David Emery, 309-310

Hitler's Mountain: The Führer, Obersalzberg and the American Occupation of Berchtesgaden, by Arthur H. Mitchell, reviewed by David Ian Hall, 310-311

Hitler's Man in Havana: Heinz Lüning and Nazi Espionage in Latin America, by Thomas D. Schoonover, reviewed by Norman J. W. Goda, 311-312

Absolute War: Soviet Russia in the Second World War, by Chris Bellamy, reviewed by David M. Glantz, 313-314

Letters from the 442nd: The World War II Correspondence of a Japanese American Medic, by Minoru Masuda, edited by Hana Masuda and Dianne Bridgman, reviewed by Roger Dingman, 314-315

Imperial Japan's World War Two, 1931-1945, by Werner Gruhl, reviewed by Stanley L. Falk, 315-317

Hiroshima: The World's Bomb, by Andrew J. Rotter, reviewed by Michael D. Gordin, 317-318

Fighting from Home: The Second World War in Verdun, Quebec, by Serge Durflinger, reviewed by Tavis Harris, 318-319

Jews, Germans, and Allies, by Atina Grossmann, reviewed by Hal Elliott Wert, 319-321

Voices of my Comrades: America's Reserve Officers Remember World War II, edited by Carol Adele Kelly, reviewed by John C. McManus, 322

The Tokyo War Crimes Trials: The Pursuit of Justice in the Wake of World War II, by Yuma Totani, reviewed by Fred L. Borch, 323-325

Inventing Vietnam: The United States and State Building, 1954-1968, by James M. Carter, reviewed by David Biggs, 325-326

The Tet Offensive: A Brief History with Documents, by William Thomas Allison, reviewed by Edwin E. Moïse, 326-327

Harnessing the Heavens: National Defense through Space, edited by Paul G. Gillespie and Grant T. Weller, reviewed by Donald R. Baucom, 328-329

Arguing the Just War in Islam, by John Kelsay, reviewed by Reuven Firestone, 329-331

Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare, edited by Daniel Marston and Carter Malkasian, reviewed by Raymond Callahan, 331-332

Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan, RAND Counterinsurgency Study Vol. 4, by Seth G. Jones, reviewed by David Isby, 332-334

War in Iraq: Planning and Execution, edited by Thomas G. Mahnken and Thomas A. Keaney, reviewed by Stephen A. Bourque, 334-335

Other:
BOOKS RECEIVED: 337-342
RECENT JOURNAL ARTICLES: 343-346
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR: 347-350